Data Processing Optimization in Untargeted Metabolomics of Urine Using Voigt Lineshape Model Non-Linear Regression Analysis.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is well-established to address questions in large-scale untargeted metabolomics. Although several approaches in data processing and analysis are available, significant issues remain. NMR spectroscopy of urine generates information-rich but complex spectra in which signals often overlap. Furthermore, slight changes in pH and salt concentrations cause peak shifting, which introduces, in combination with baseline irregularities, un-informative noise in statistical analysis. Within this work, a straight-forward data processing tool addresses these problems by applying a non-linear curve fitting model based on Voigt function line shape and integration of the underlying peak areas. This method allows a rapid untargeted analysis of urine metabolomics datasets without relying on time-consuming 2D-spectra based deconvolution or information from spectral libraries. The approach is validated with spiking experiments and tested on a human urine 1H dataset compared to conventionally used methods and aims to facilitate metabolomics data analysis.